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Formal Reports

Report of results of completed projects or major milestones either in scientific terms or in terms acceptable to a wider audience. Note: Unless linked to the full text, reports are only available to NATO member nations from designated distribution centres. 

Documents

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Investigating the use of AUVs in ASW operations Investigating the use of AUVs in ASW operations

Date added: 02/06/2017
Date modified: 02/06/2017
Filesize: Unknown

Investigating the use of AUVs in ASW operations. Strode, Christopher. CMRE-FR-2016-008. December 2016.

This study explores the potential for AUVs to be deployed within NATO ASW operations and augment the sonar coverage of existing surface platforms. We explore the potential for such vehicles to be fully integrated within the command structure allowing for contact sharing with surface platforms. We further explore the potential for active bistatic and purely passive performance through acoustic modelling and simulation. Persistent deployment is also considered through simulation accounting for battery drain and at-sea recharging. The study concludes that a small number of AUVs towing short linear arrays can indeed provide sufficient sonar performance to conduct persistent area search missions.

Collaborative autonomy for mine countermeasures Collaborative autonomy for mine countermeasures

Date added: 12/21/2016
Date modified: 12/21/2016
Filesize: Unknown

Collaborative autonomy for mine countermeasures. Dugelay, Samantha; Connors, Warren; Furfaro, Thomas C.; Baralli, Francesco. CMRE-FR-2016-007.  December 2016.

This report presents the research undertaken at the Centre for Maritime Research and Experimentation (CMRE) in the field of autonomy and robotics for mine countermeasures. The introduction explains the rationale of the research methods bringing together multiple heterogeneous vehicles for collaborative autonomy. Two main vehicles are employed at CMRE, the first being the Mine-hunting UUV for Shallow-water Covert Littoral Expeditions (MUSCLE), the second being a REMUS 100. Advanced autonomy concepts on-board the MUSCLE for wide-search area survey, detection and classification are presented from some of the basic adaptive behaviours to the future free-thinking vehicle exploration. The REMUS vehicle is employed as a target reacquisition platform and some initial results are given in chapter 3. Finally, the culmination of the research is presented in chapter 4 where a decoupled collaborative autonomy framework is described and supported by experimental results.

Computational maritime situational awareness techniques for unsupervised port area estimation Computational maritime situational awareness techniques for unsupervised port area estimation

Date added: 10/25/2016
Date modified: 10/25/2016
Filesize: Unknown

Computational maritime situational awareness techniques for unsupervised port area estimation. Millefiori, Leonardo; Zissis, Dimitrios; Cazzanti, Luca; Arcieri, Gianfranco. CMRE-FR-2016-004. September 2016.

This report presents work on estimating port locations and operational areas in a scalable, data-driven, unsupervised way. Knowing the extent of port areas is an important component of larger maritime traffic analysis systems that inform stakeholders and decision makers in the maritime industry, governmental agencies, and international organizations. The proposed approach uses a cloud-based MapReduce implementation of the Kernel Density Estimation (KDE) algorithm and exploits a large volume of Automatic Identification System (AIS) data to learn the extent of port areas in a data-driven way. The results from three case studies are presented and discussed for the port of La Spezia (ITA), Rotterdam (NLD), and Shanghai (CHN).

NATO Coalition Warrior Interoperability exploration, experimentation, examination, exercise (CWIX) 2016 exercise plan for EKOE and CASW capabilities NATO Coalition Warrior Interoperability exploration, experimentation, examination, exercise (CWIX) 2016 exercise plan for EKOE and CASW capabilities

Date added: 09/06/2016
Date modified: 09/06/2016
Filesize: Unknown

NATO Coalition Warrior Interoperability exploration, experimentation, examination, exercise (CWIX) 2016 exercise plan for EKOE and CASW capabilities. Vicen Bueno, Raul; Strode, Christopher; Oddone, Manlio; Berni, Alessandro; Cignoni, Alessandro; Merani, Diego; Cimino, Giampaolo; Cecchi, Daniele; Soto, José; Fiala, Michal. CMRE-FR-2016-002. May 2016.

This formal report contains the exercise plan prepared to participate in the NATO Coalition Warrior Interoperability eXploration, eXperimentation, eXamination, eXercise (CWIX) 2016. Two CMRE programmes participate in CWIX 2016: EKOE ? Environmental Knowledge and Operational Effectiveness and CASW ? Collaborative AntiSubmarine Warfare. CMRE brings two scientific capabilities to the NATO Exercise CWIX 2016, demonstrating scientific products that could turn into operational in the future: EKOE ?NATO-CMRE-GliderC2S@CWIX 2016? (Glider Command and Control System) and CASW ?NATOCMRE- RAPS@CWIX 2016? (Real-time ASW Prediction Service). Besides testing interoperability of the CMRE capabilities in CWIX 2016, CMRE has an important objective and challenge for this year. CMRE will be running a sea-trial in the Ligurian Sea deploying a fleet of underwater robots/gliders for up to 2 months May-June 2016, called LOGMEC16 (Long-Term Glider Missions for Environmental Characterization). The challenge for CMRE in 2016 is to provide environmental information acquired by underwater robots/gliders and their positions from the sea to command and control (C2), common operational picture (COP) and geospatial, meteorological and oceanographic (GEOMETOC) systems in a NATO coalition. Interoperability with these NATO and national systems will be done in realtime and at NS level. The CMRE Multistatic Tactical Planning Aid (MSTPA) will provide surface ships with real-time active and passive sonar performance predictions to coalition partners. The exercise plan first provides the document for internal approval. Second, it gives a background of the CWIX exercise to the readers, as well as the objectives and challenges set for this exercise participation, highlighting the collaboration with the LOGMEC16 sea-trial. Third, it provides an overview on the way to operate in CWIX, focusing on physical locations and partners. Fourth, it describes the preparation of the experiment, focusing on the plan of the tasks and the risk assessment. Fifth, it provides a comprehensive list of equipment requirements for each capability so that it can be executed at the required security level. Sixth, it describes the team required to participate, as well as the roles and responsibilities of each member of the team. Seventh, the contact information of the exercise lead and capability leads is reported for future contact and further information requests. Finally, a comprehensive description of each capability is provided in annexes.

Towards real-time passive sonar performance prediction with AIS shipping Towards real-time passive sonar performance prediction with AIS shipping

Date added: 04/19/2016
Date modified: 04/19/2016
Filesize: Unknown

Towards real-time passive sonar performance prediction with AIS shipping.  Strode, Christopher ;  Traverso, Federico ; Oddone, Manlio. CMRE-FR-2016-001. March 2016.

This document describes the approach to be taken to add the simulation of passive broadband sonar to the Multistatic Tactical Planning Aid (MSTPA) .This will allow the tool to consider the whole spectrum of ASW operations in which the use of both active and passive sonars is common. With increasingly capable threat submarines the ASW commander will be required to coordinate multiple heterogeneous assets employing different sonar systems in some optimum configuration. There is then a continued need to develop suitable software able to consistently apply an acoustic algorithm and environmental inputs to multiple sonars operating in both active and passive modes.

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